There is little information available on injuries to World Cup skiers and snowboarders.


The International Ski Federation (FIS) in cooperation with the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center therefore established an injury surveillance system.


The FIS ISS was prior to the 2006-07 winter season introduced to monitor injury risk and patterns in the different World Cup disciplines.


The aim of this study was to describe and compare the injury risk to World Cup athletes in alpine skiing, freestyle skiing, snowboarding, ski jumping, cross-country skiing and Nordic combined.


We retrospectively interviewed 2121 World Cup athletes from the different disciplines during the 2006-07 and 2007-08 winter seasons and recorded. This method was chosen since a methodological study found this to be the most complete way of recording injuries among World Cup athletes.


Of all the 705 acute injuries recorded there were 520 (72%) time-loss injuries and 196 (28%) severe injuries (absence >28 days).


About 1/3 of the World Cup alpine, freestyle and snowboard athletes sustain a time–loss injury each season, while the risk is low in the Nordic disciplines.


A particular concern was the high proportion of severe injuries observed among alpine, freestyle and snowboard athletes, which is in contrast to most other sports. 


The authors of this investigation were Tonje Wåle Flørenes, Lars Nordsletten, Stig Heir and Roald Bahr from the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center.


Read the publication in Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports.