The present paper reviews the main risk factors and mechanisms for acute injuries to the head, upper and lower extremities, as well as the evidence supporting various strategies to prevent them.
The target audience for this paper is everyone involved in protecting the health of the athlete, including coaches, referees, medical staff, sports governing bodies, as well as athletes themselves.
Approaches that have been shown to be successful in injury prevention include:
(1) Using equipment designed to reduce injury risk
(2) Adopting the rules of play
(3) Specific exercise programs developed to reduce injury risk
Authors of this paper were Kathrin Steffen, Thor Einar Andersen, Tron Krosshaug, Grethe Myklebust and Roald Bahr, all from the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, as well as Evert Verhagen and Willem van Mechelen from the VU Medical Centre and EMGO Insitute, Amsterdam.
Read the paper in the European Journal of Sport Science.
DOWNLOAD: "Prevention of ACL injuries" and "The 11+" (examples of posters on warm-up programs to reduce lower extremity injuries with a focus on balance, plyometric, strength, and technique training)
Many examples on injury prevention are also illustrated by videos on the website www.skadefri.no.
Despite the Norwegian text and narration, you will find a lot of material, which will give you ideas on how YOU can implement injury prevention in your surroundings.
This website is addressed to athletes, clinicians as physiotherapists and physicians, coaches, and parents.